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Wikimedia Commons

Wikimedia Commons iyi-online Igumbi of free-ukusetshenziswa imifanekiso, umsindo, nezinye amafayela abezindaba. Kuyindlela project of the Wikimedia Foundation. Amafayela ezivela Wikimedia Commons ungasetshenziswa kuzo zonke amaprojekthi Wikimedia kuzo zonke izilimi, kuhlanganise Wikipedia, Wikibooks, Wikivoyage, Wikispecies, Wikisource no Wikinews noma ilandelwe ukusetshenziswa offsite. Onalo iqukethe amafayela kuka million 21 abezindaba. Ngo July 2013, inani edits on Commons kwafinyelela 100.000.000.

                                               

WP:IPA

Below is a basic key to the symbols of the International Phonetic Alphabet. For the smaller set of symbols that is sufficient for English, see Wikipedia:IPA for English. Several rare IPA symbols are not included, these are found in the main IPA article. For the Manual of Style guideline for pronunciation, see Wikipedia:Manual of Style. Template:IPAkeys Template:Anchor For each IPA symbol, an English example is given where possible, here "RP" stands for Received Pronunciation. The foreign languages that are used to illustrate additional sounds are primarily the ones most likely to be famili ...

                                               

Lebo Mathosa

U-Lebo Mathosa wayengumculi we-kwaito odumile waseNingizimu Afrika. UMathosa waqala umsebenzi wakhe ngeqembu elidumile laseNingizimu Afrika iBoom Shaka ngonyaka we-1994 eneminyaka eyi-17.

                                               

Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci singumpendi, umqophi, umakhi, umdlali womculo, isazi wezibalo, unjiniyela, umqambi, isazi womzimba, isazi womhlaba, isazi wabalazwe, nosozimila.

                                               

The Spear (umdwebo)

                                               

The Sleeping Gypsy

                                               

Justin Timberlake

uJustin Timberlake Randall umculi, umbhali, umlingisi, urecord producer, wokudansa usomabhizinisi wase Melika odumile ngokuziqhaza kumabonakude elingisa kwi Mickey Mouse Club bese omunye owayesekela iqembu lomculo iN’Sync. Ngo-2002, uTimberlake wakhipha isolo albhamu yakhe yokuqala, Justified, eyadayisa amakhophi angaphezu kwezigidi eziyisikhombisa umhlaba wonke. 6 Her studio i albhamu yakhe yesibili, FutureSex / LoveSounds, wadedelwa ngo-September 2006 futhi waqhubeka ukuthengisa phezu kwamakhophi ayisishiyagalolunye lwezigidi emhlabeni wonke, ngokubheja ibalula ezintathu enhlokweni phezu ...

                                               

Lou Reed

                                               

Bhaca people

Template:Expert needed }} Template:I-EngvarB Template:Infobox Bantu name Bhaca people or amaBhaca are eMbo ethnic group in South Africa. isithupha | Uhlu lozalo lukaWushe noZelemu abahlangana bakha AmaBhaca == Isendlalelo = AmaBhaca phambilini ayaziwa ngokuthi amaZelemus noma AbakwaZelemu phakathi kweminyaka yo-1700 kuya kowe-1830 lapho babebizwa ngokusemthethweni AmaBhaca. Bayinzalo yenkosi uZelemu eyayihlala oPhongolo yabe isibusa abantu bayo ababeyingxenye yabantu abaMbo. Inkosi u-Zelemu wabelana ngedlozi elilodwa neNkosi u-Wushe egama linguLufulwenja. UZelemu noWushe bahlukana ngezindl ...

Wikipedia
                                     

★ Wikipedia

Wikipedia ifinyeleleka mahala, kutholakala mahala ku-encyclopedia ekwi-inthanethi, isekelwa futhi isingathwa yi-Wikimedia Foundation. Cishe wonke umuntu okwazi ukufinyelela isayithi angahlela pheze yiziphi izihloko zayo. I-Wikipedia yiyona webhusayiti yesithupha ethandwa kakhulu futhi ethandwa kakhulu jikelele ngomsebenzi we-inthanethi BakaJehova. Njengoba ngo 2014, yayina-18 yamabhiliyoni wamaphepha abukwayo, futhi abukwa yizivakashi cishe eyizigidi ezingu-500 ngenyanga ngayinye.

UJimmy Wales noLarry Singer bomkhankaso-we-Wikipedia n ngomhlaka-15 kuJanuwari 15, 2001 u- babiza igama lakhe, ukuthi yi-Singer called his name, CAPS of Wiki (isuselwa egameni lesiHawayi elisho "Shesha" ne-ensayiklopidiya. Noma-ke ulwazi olungaphakathi kwe-wikipediya kwasekuqaleni lidabuka esiNgisini, yasheshe yabhalwa ngezilimi eziningi,lokhu kwenziwa ngokuthi kuhlonywe uhlelo lokuhumusha ngezilimi ezahlukahlukene. Yonke imihlobo ye-Wikipidiya iyafana, kodwa umehluko obalulekile okwindikimba nakwindlela yoku-editha. Manje i-Wikipidiya yesiNgisi idinga ama-Wikipidiya angaphezu kwama-200, noma-kunjalo ibonakala iyinkulu kakhulu kunezinye, kanti ngama-athikili ayizigidi ezi-4.5a uye wazakhela idumela njengoba umthombo wezindaba ngenxa yokubuyekezwa kwayo okusheshayo kwezihloko ezihlobene nezindaba ezikhishwayo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kulula ukungena ku-Wikipidiya eziphakeme kuqhathaniswa ensayiklopidiya odlule kanye ukufakwa walo kokuqukethwe okuningi unacademic baye bathola ebanzi abezindaba ukunakwa.

Kufakaza obala Wikipidiya eziphakeme futhi kuye kwaholela abanye ukukhathazeka, njenge izinga lokubhala yayo, phansi kanye nokunemba imininingwane yayo. Nokho, nakuba ezinye izihloko zinemiBhalo engaqinisekisiwe noma ulwazi ayihlangani, a 2005 inhlolovo of Wikipedia eyanyatheliswa ngo Nature ngokusekelwe ngokuqhathanisa 42 wesayensi athikili nge Encyclopædia Britannica wathola ukuthi ezingeni Wikipedia sika zokunemba kwakusondela Encyclopædia Britannica kanye bobabili amazinga ezifanayo eliphansi amaphutha amabi ". Njengoba ka 2014, iwikipidiya yesiNgisi iqukethe cishe abayizigidi ezinhlanu izihloko, abangaphezu koyedwa kayikhulu Britannica sika 40.000. izinqubomgomo zeWikipidiya zihlanganisa ukuqinisekisa kanye nomzimba elikhulayo amazinga kubandakanya for izinga siqinisekiso.

                                     

1. Kulungisa

Umehluko emakhasini wencwajana enesihloko ezivezwe njengoba kuboniswe.

Ngokungafani kwe-insayiklopidiya yendabuko, Wikipedia kungenziwa eyahlelwa yimuphi umfundi. Ngaphandle kwamakhasi ikakhulukazi ezizwelayo kanye / nobe phansi yizikhukhula ukuthi abizwa "evikelwe" ngezinga elithile, Wikipedia izivakashi bangahlela izihloko ngisho noma abanalo akhawunti Wikipedia. Ezithile Omagazini abalandelayo lulwimi zinikeza indlela eguquliwe yale nqubomgomo, Ngokwesibonelo, abasebenzisi ezibhalisiwe nje angase adale isihloko esisha ku neyesiNgisi. Isihloko njalo acekelwa phansi kungaba Semi-ezivikelwe, okusho ukuthi nje esungulwe, abasebenzisi iqinisekiswe bayakwazi ukwenza ukuhlela kuleso sihloko. A ikakhulukazi Isihloko ingxabano zingase PUK ukuze abaphathi nje ziyakwazi ukwenza izinguquko. sihloko babonwa ephethwe uMdali walo noma ezinye umhleli futhi hhayi vetted ngu yimuphi igunya eqashelwayo. Kunalokho, abahleli abangalala ukuze bavumelane nokuqukethwe kanye nokwakheka ezihlokweni by kuvunyelwana.

Ngokuzenzakalelayo, i uhlela ukuba isihloko ngokushesha iba etholakalayo. Ngenxa yalokho, bangase izihloko inezinto ezinganembile, biases ehlukile, futhi nombhalo elingenangqondo kodwa eliphimiselekayo shu kuze umhleli ilungisa nokushiyeka okunjalo. Lehlukene edishini, ngamunye ngaphansi ehlukile control tekuphatsa, bakhululekile ukushintsha le nqubomgomo. Ngokwesibonelo, i-Wikipedia German ucondza "izinguqulo ezinzile" lwezihloko, okuyinto Sekudlule izibuyekezo ezithile. Kulandela nezilingo eyayizothatha isikhathi eside nengxoxo nomphakathi, iwikipidiya yesiNgisi yethula uhlelo "lwezinguquko ozilindile" ngoZibandlela ka 2012. Ngaphansi kwalesi simiso, umsebenzi omusha ohloliwe abasebenzisi ezintsha awasho izihloko ezithile impikiswano noma ukucekelwa phansi kwempahla yizikhukhula kungaba ngokweyame abukeze kusukela Wikipedia esungulwe umhleli ngaphambi ncwadi ".

Esibonakalayo kwemaphutsa of Wikipedia

                                     

2. Ukubuyekezwa izinguquko

Nakuba izinguquko kungukuthi ehlelekile kubuyekezwe, isofthiwe ukuthi amandla Wikipedia inikeza amathuluzi athile sivumele noma ubani ukuba abukeze izinguquko kwabanye. Ilhasi elinalokhu "Umlando" wesihloko ngasinye ulandisa izibuyekezo. Abahleli angayiqeda izinguquko, isibonelo ecaleni lapho kokuqukethwe ewusizo lasuswa. Abahleli Ungabuka izinguquko zewebhusayiti yakamuva, iziphi ukhonjiswe ukuhlelwa kwezenzakalo reverse. Qhaza avamile ngokuvamile silondoloza uhlu lwezihloko ukuthi ukuwaheha ukuze zikwazi aziswe izinguquko esizayo. Ikhasi elisha kuyinqubo lapho izihloko abasanda wadala kuthiwa ihlolwe ukuze izinkinga ezisobala.

                                     

3. Kulungisa Automated

Izinhlelo zekhompyutha ziye zisetshenziswa kabanzi ukwenza imisebenzi elula futhi engamukelekile, ezifana sokulungisa nasekupeleteni ezivamile kanye nezindaba zezindlela namacebo okuloba, noma ukuqala izihloko ezifana nesifundo somhlaba okufakwe ifomathi evamile kusuka idatha ezibalo. Onesandla kwimpikiswano bakamalalahlengezela ukudala izihloko kanye bot wakhe kwabikwa ukudala kuze izihloko eziyizinkulungwane eziyishumi ezikuWikipidiya yesiSwideni ngezinsuku ezithile. Kukhona ezinye bots eyenzelwe axwayise ngokuzenzakalelayo abasebenzisi okwenza ovamile kwemaphutsa amaphutha ezifana izingcaphuno angenakuqhathaniswa nobe obakaki olungenakuqhathaniswa, futhi avimbele ukudalwa izixhumanisi amawebhusayithi ethile. Bots nazo isicelo lokuvala enforcements okuyinto thola futhi buyisela izinguquko osolisayo abasebenzisi ezintsha, IPS okwabelwana noma IPS ibamba kuya amakhasi ihlushwa sockpuppets njengendlela ukuphinda kungenzeka of umsebenzisi ezivinjelwe kusetshenziswa ezinye izindlela amakheli IP. Abanye abasebenzisi kungaba lokubuyisa nanoma iyiphi ukuhlela yokuthi musa abonakale ngumsebenzisi zivinjelwe mbuzo. Esinye bot lichazwa ngokuthi i bot anti-ocekela phansi ukuthi izama ukuthola kanye nokubuyela phansi ngokushesha futhi ngokuzenzakalelayo. futhi Bots ungabika uku-editha ezivela akhawunti ethile noma ikheli IP zokhahlamba njengoba kwakwenziwa ngesikhathi the MH17 jet ukubeka phansi isigameko ngoJulayi 2014. Bots on Wikipedia kufanele yamukeleke ngaphambi kusebenze.

Ngokusho Andrew Lih, ukwanda lamanje Wikipedia izigidi zihloko kwakuyoba nzima ukucabanga ngaphandle kokusebenzisa bots enjalo.



                                     

4. Ukucekela phansi impahla

Isihloko Main: Ukucekela phansi impahla on Wikipedia

Yikuphi uku-editha ukuthi eshintsha nokuqukethwe ngendlela ukuxegisa ngamabomu ubuqotho beWikipidiya kubhekwa phansi. Izinhlobo ezivame kakhulu futhi ezisobala phansi zihlanganisa ukufakwa kwenhlamba kanye amahlaya angahluziwe. Ukucekela phansi impahla kungase futhi kuhlanganise ukukhangisa ulimi, kanye nezinye izinhlobo. Ngezinye izikhathi abahleli babophezela phansi ngokususa ulwazi noma libhaliwe ngumtshini ngokuphelele ikhasi elinikeziwe. Izinhlobo Okungajwayelekile ukuzicekela phansi impahla, ezifana kwalokho ngamabomu yokwaziswa zizinhle kodwa ongathembekile isihloko, kungaba nzima ukubona. Izichwensi kungazenza ukufometha ayibalulekile, shintsha ikhasi elingasho lutho elifana nesihloko ikhasi noma ukwehlukanisa ngemikhakha, lokuxhaphaza ikhodi elicashile lesihloko noma ukusebenzisa izithombe ngendlela ebhidlizayo.

Onezinwele ezimhlophe umnumzana osekhulile isudi kanye nothayi ukhuluma ngesikhathi sokukhuluma.

Intatheli yaseMelika uJohn Seigenthaler 1927-2014, indaba yesigameko uSeigenthaler

Ukucekelwa phansi kwempahla kusobala ngokuvamile kulula ukususa izihloko zeWikipidiya, isikhathi yamaMede ukuthola futhi silungise phansi nje imizuzu embalwa. Nokho, abanye phansi kudinga isikhathi eside ukulungisa.

Ngokwesibonelo, kwesinye isehlakalo esiphezulu, umhleli ongaziwa wethula isaziso esingamanga singene bibliyogilafu yezombusazwe UmMelika uJohn Seigenthaler, ngo-2005 Seigenthaler wamangalelwa ukwethulwa njengendlela yokusolwa ngokubulala uJohn F. Kennedy. Lesi sihloko sahlala singalungiswanga izinyanga ezine. USeigenthaler, umqondisi owasungula isihloko of seMelika USAnamhlanje, kanye umsunguli Freedom Forum First Amendment Center ngaseNyuvesi yaseVanderbilt, ebizwa Wikipedia co-umsunguli Jimmy Wales futhi wabuza ukuthi ayenakho yini indlela yokwazi ukuthi obani nesandla the ukwaziswa okungelona iqiniso. UWales waphendula ngokuthi ayizange, nakuba isephulamthetho sagcina ngokuhlehlela emuva. Emva kwesigameko, uSeigenthaler echazwe yiWikipidiya ngokuthi "inamaphutha futhi imithwalo ithuluzi lokucwaninga". Lesi senzakalo zaholela izinguquko zenqubomgomo yeWikipidiya, ngokuqondile kubhekiswe ukuqiniswa kokuqinisekiswa kwezihloko umlandvomufi abantu abaphila.

==Imithetho kanye nemithetho elawula nokuqukethwe kanye nomhleli nokuziphatha==

Okuqukethwe yiWikipidiya kuncike kwimithetho ikakhulukazi, imithetho yobunikazi yase United States kanye of the US isimo Virginia, lapho iningi Lamaseva WEWikipidiya lisuke likuphi. Ngaphezu kwezindaba zomthetho, izimiso sesihloko seWikipidiya kuthiwa esisekelwe wezinsika emihlanu ", kanye nezinqubomgomo eziningi neziqondiso enzelwe ukuba balolonge okuqukethwe ngokufanele. Ngisho le mithetho igcinwa ifomu wiki, futhi Wikipidiya abahleli njengendlela bhala emphakathini abuyekeze izinqubomgomo webhusayiti kanye nemihlahlandlela. Abahleli kungabaqhuba la imithetho ngokususa noma ukulungisa imithetho engasebenziyo. Ekuqaleni, nemithetho on ezinhlelweni okungezona zesiNgisi seWikipidiya zazisekelwe inguquko yemithetho yeWikipidiya yesiNgisi. Iye yehluke ngezinga elingakanani.

Ikhasi elikhulu leWikipidiya yesiNgisi mhla zinga 20 kuMfumfu ka 2010, IKhasi eliyinhloko leWikipidiya yesiNgisi.

Inguqulo mobile yeWikipidiya yesiNgisi eKhasini elikhulu kwisiphequluli sewebhu Android on a i5800 Samsung

Inguquko yemobile yesiNgisi Ekhasini elikhulu

                                     

5. Izinqubomgomo bokuqukethwe

Page Main: Wikipedia: Izinqubomgomo zokuqukethwe

Ngokuvumelana nemithetho on the English Wikipedia, ngamunye entry e Wikipedia, ukuba afanelwe ukufakwa, kumele kube ngesihloko okusho encyclopedic futhi akuyona entry isichazamazwi noma isichazamazwi-like. A sihloko kufanele futhi bahlangabezane nezindinganiso Wikipedia sika of "notability", ngokuvamile kusho ukuthi kumelwe ukuba wathola Ukusabalala okuphawulekayo imithombo secondary efana media ezivamile- noma zamaphephabhuku ezinkulu yemfundo ezimele ngendaba ka ngesihloko. Ngaphezu kwalokho, Wikipedia uhlose idlulisele lwati kuphela ukuthi kakade osungulwe futhi wahlonishwa. It akumele ukwethula ulwazi olusha noma ucwaningo original. A bathi kungenzeka ukuba inselele kudinga kukhulunywa emthonjeni onokwethenjelwa. Phakathi Wikipedia abahleli, lokhu ngokuvamile wabekwa ngokuthi "Isiqinisekiso, hhayi ngeqiniso ukuveza umqondo wokuthi abafundi, hhayi encyclopedia, yibona ekugcineni abanomthwalo ekubhekeni yiqiniso komunci nokwenza nekuhumusha zabo siqu. Lokhu kungaholela ukususwa ukwaziswa isebenza, ngaleyo ndlela bulimaze ukufakwa kolwazi kanye nokukhula encyclopedia. Ekugcineni, Wikipedia akumele bathathe izinhlangothi. Bonke imibono kanye nemibono, uma ezibangelwa imithombo yangaphandle, kumele bajabulele i share elifanele Ukuhlanganisa kungakapheli isihloko. Lo waziwa ngokuthi indawo hlangothi of umbono NPOV.

                                     

6. Open ukubambisana

Bheka futhi: Okuqukethwe okukhiqizwe ngumsebenzisi

Ngo-2003,umfundi wePhD kwezomnotho u-Andrea Ciffolilli wagomela ukuthi izindleko eziphansi zokuthengiselana zineqhaza kwiWikipidiya.Ukwakha kulethe ukuthuthukiswa ngokubambisana, nokuthi izici ezifana nokufinyelela okulula izinguqulo ezidlule of a umusa page "ukwakhiwa zokudala" phezu "imbubhiso zokudala". Encwadini yakhe 2008, Ikusasa Internet nendlela Stop It, Zittrain ugagula yempumelelo Wikipedia sokuba isifundo njalo emisha kangakanani open ukubambisana uye wakhuthaza kuwebhu.

Ku OOPSLA 2009, kuWikimidiya isikhulu kwezobuchwepheshe kanye nomklami ophakeme wesoftiwe uBrion Vibber wanikeza isethulo esithi "Ukusebenza noMphakathi kwenza izinto zibe ngcono: Ukwenza abantu bakho basebenze kahle kuSayithi Yakho" kuwo okuxoxwe nezinselele ukusingatha iminikelo evela emphakathini enkulu futhi wafanisa inqubo yalowo yentuthuko softiwe.

Abasebenzisi beWikipidiya nabaphathi bamaziko Wezikhungo zamagugu emilando basebenzisana ngesihloko esithi Hoxne hoard ngoJuni 2010.

Ngezinye izikhathi abasebenzisi beWikipidiya banika nomunye imisebenzi emihle ukuze bazise imisebenzi eyahlukahlukene yenani elishaya kude, uku-editha izinto ezilula ezihlanganisa ukwesekwa kwezenhlalo, izenzo zokuphatha, kanye izinhlobo zomsebenzi ukuhambisana. Lomkhuba barnstar iye ihlaziye ukunquma lokho kunemithelela kungenzeka for ezinye imiphakathi waziphatha ezinkulu Sangdi.

==Ukuxazululwa==

Uma ushintsho ngokuphindaphindiwe owabangelwa umhleli eyodwa abese ukuhlehliswa ngenye, i "Hlela war" ingase wagomela ukuba sebeqale. Wikipedia has izindlela eziningi izingxabano sokuxazulula. Ukuze athole umphakathi ukuvumelana wonkana, abahleli angamvusa izingqinamba at the Village Pump noma iqale isicelo Comment. Izinkundla akhethekile akhona for centralizing ingxoxo izinqumo ezithile, njengabaphostoli yini noma cha isihloko kufanele asuswe. qhathanisa Notability in English Wikipedia.



                                     

7. Arbitration Committee

Isihloko Main: Arbitration Committee

IKomiti Arbitration wengamela lokugcina ukuxazululwa indlela. Nakuba izingxabano ngokuvamile bavele kokungezwani imibono emibili ephikisayo kanjani izihloko okufanele ukufunda, iKomidi Arbitration ngokucacile enqaba ngqo abuse ngalo umbono okufanele yokutholwa. Zokuhlaziya imininingwane zisikisela ukuthi ikomidi engayinaki okuqukethwe ezingxabanweni futhi ligxile endleleni izimpikiswano kuqhutshwa kunalokho, esebenza cha kangaka ukuxazulula izingxabano futhi wenze ukuthula phakathi abahleli ezingqubuzanayo, kodwa ukuze Zikhipha abahleli eziyinkinga uma uvumela abahleli engase ikhiqize back e ukubamba iqhaza. Ngakho-ke, ikomidi asisho zilawule okuqukethwe lwezihloko, yize ngezinye izikhathi kube liyakulahla izinguquko kokuqukethwe uma ibona okuqukethwe entsha wephula izinqubomgomo Wikipedia isibonelo, uma okuqukethwe entsha kubhekwa olubandlululayo. Amakhambi Its zihlanganisa nezixwayiso kanye probations elisetshenziswa 63% of amacala kanye nabahleli esivala kusuka ezihlokweni 43%, izindaba subject 23% noma Wikipedia 16%. Complete nokuvinjelwa kusuka Wikipedia kuthiwa ikakhulu kuphela izimo of ukuzenza ongeyena nokuziphatha anti-social. Lapho ukuziphatha akuyona ukuzenza ongeyena nobe anti-kwezenhlalo, kodwana kunalokho anti-ukuvumelana nobe wephula izinqubomgomo ukuhlela, izixwayiso bavame ukuba ikhishwe.

                                     

8. Community

Isihloko Main: Wikipedia emphakathini

Wikimania, kwaba nengqungquthela yonyaka kubasebenzisi of Wikipedia nezinye imiklamo eziqhutshwa yi-Wikimedia Foundation

Ngamunye sihloko kanye umsebenzisi of Wikipedia ngamunye uye i wahlobanisa page "Ngokukhululekile". Lezi zakha oyinhloko zokuxhumana umzila abahleli ukuxoxa luphinde nenkhulumomphikiswano izindaba kokuqukethwe noma inqubomgomo.

Umphakathi Wikipedia sika uye wachazwa ngokuthi inkolo-like, nakuba ngaso sonke anezincazelo ngokuphelele negative. ukuthanda Iphrojekthi sika for cohesiveness, ngisho noma kudinga ukuhlehla ehlanganisa ukunganakwa of kokuqinisekisa, yaziwe njengoba anti-elitism ".

===Izibalo zabantu of Wikipedia abahleli===

Wikipedia ayidingi ukuba abahleli balo kanye neqhaza ahlinzeke ukuhlonza. Njengoba Wikipedia ayekhula, "Ngubani uyabhala Wikipedia?" saba omunye imibuzo evame ukubuzwa on kuphrojekthi, ngokuvamile ngokubhekisela eminye imisebenzi Web 2.0 ezifana Digg. Nokho, bambalwa abesifazane aqhubeka amalungu usasebenza of Wikipedia ngemuva edit-a-thons ayengamele. Lapho ebuzwa ukuthi kungani, ukusabela ezivamile kwaba ukuthi kwakumelwe bematasa ".

                                     

9. Abaphathi

Abahleli in nokuma okuhle emphakathini ezohamba for omunye amazinga eziningi zokuzithandela buphathi: le iqala "nomqondisi", abasebenzisi anelungelo abangakwazi susa amakhasi, ukuvimbela izihloko ekubeni kwashintsha uma phansi nobe isihloko izingxabano, futhi bazame ukuvimbela abantu abathile evela kwemaphutsa. Naphezu igama, abaphathi kungukuthi okuthiwa ukujabulela yimuphi lungelo elikhethekile ngo ekuthathweni, kunalokho, amandla abo anesizotha kuphela ekwenzeni edits ukuba nemiphumela project-ububanzi futhi ngaleyo ndlela kuthiwa Ayivumeliwe kuya abahleli avamile, nokuqhamuka nemingcele ezihloselwe ukuvimbela abantu abathile evela ekwenzeni edits onakalisayo efana phansi.

Abahleli abangaphansi baba abaphathi kunokuba eminyakeni esidlule, ngokwengxenye ngenxa inqubo ekunqabeleni engahle Wikipedia abaphathi isibe ezinzima zamandla angaphezu.

                                     

10. Ulimi Amahumusho

Bheka futhi: List of udinga Ama-Wikipedia

Ukusatshalaliswa izihloko 32.765.226 ngolimi ezahlukene kwizihumusho njengoba of 14 Agasti 2014

English 14%

Swedish 5.5%

Dutch 5.5%

German 5.3%

French 4.7%

Russian 3.5%

Italian 3.5%

Spanish 3.4%

Vietnamese 3.4%

Waray-Waray 3.3%

Okunye 51.2%

Kukhona Njengamanje 287 olimi kwizihumusho of Wikipedia obizwa nangokuthi ngolimi izinguqulo, noma bamane udinga Ama-Wikipedia, ala, abayishumi nanye babe izihloko kwesigidi ngalinye, ezine ngaphezulu babe izihloko kuka 700.000, 37 ngaphezulu babe izihloko kuka 100.000, kanti 73 ngaphezulu babe izihloko kuka 10.000. The kunawo, i English Wikipedia, has izihloko kuka million 4.5. Njengoba of June 2013, ngokusho Alexa, lo isizinda English en.wikipedia.org, English Wikipedia uthola cishe 56% of traffic Wikipedia sika ayesehle, ne uqhekeko ezisele phakathi kwezinye izilimi iSpanishi: 9%, Japanese: 8%, Russian: 6%, German: 5%, French: 4%, Italian. 3% Njengoba of August 2014, izinhlelo zolimi kunayo eziyisithupha yilezi ngokulandelana of esihlokweni count the English, isiSwidi, Dutch, isiJalimane, isiFulentshi, futhi udinga Ama-Wikipedia zaseRussia. i nokuhlalisana kokuqukethwe ezindiminingi on Wikipedia ube khona ngenxa Unicode, ogama ukwesekwa yethulwa phakathi Wikipedia ngoJanuwari 2002 by Brion Vibber emva kwase efanayo yena lwenteke izinhlamvu of Esperanto.

Kusukela Wikipedia kusekelwe Web ngakhoke emhlabeni wonke, abanikela a edition olufanayo lulwimi ingasebenzisa zezigodi ezahlukene noma kungenzeka bavela emazweni ehlukene njengoba kunjalo ngoba edition English. Lezi umehluko kungaholela abanye zingxabano phezu nesipelingi umehluko isib color Versus color noma ngamaphuzu umbono.

Nakuba izinhlelo ezahlukene zolimi aphethwe nemigomo efana indawo hlangothi of umbono global, baba washintsha namanye amaphuzu kwenchubomgomo kanye practice, iningi njengaku ekutheni izithombe ezingasekelwe ilayisense ngokukhululekile lingasetshenziswa ngaphansi isimangalo of ukusetshenziswa engenzeleli.

Jimmy Wales uye wachazwa Wikipedia ngokuthi "ukuze adale futhi ukusabalalisa a encyclopedia free of the esezingeni kwenzeke ukuba wonke umuntu ongashadile on planethi ngolimi lwabo siqu". Nakuba ngamunye imisebenzi edition ngolimi ucishe ngokuzimela, ezinye imizamo kwenziwa ukuze aqondise kuzo bonke. Basuke kweLuhlelo ngokwengxenye by Meta-Wiki i Wikimedia Foundation enikelwe nokugcina zonke imiklamo yayo Wikipedia nabanye. Ngokwesibonelo, Meta-Wiki inikeza izibalo ezibalulekile on zonke izibuyekezo ulimi Wikipedia, futhi it ucondza uhlu lwezihloko njalo Wikipedia kumele babe uhlu siphathelene kokuqukethwe eziyisisekelo by subject. Biography, umlando, amazwe, umphakathi, isiko, isayensi, ezobuchwepheshe, kanye mathematics. Ngokuqondene nazo, akuyona ezingavamile for izihloko ezihlobene kakhulu olimini oluthile hhayi ukuba bangumfuziselo kwenye edition. Ngokwesibonelo, izihloko mayelana emadolobheni amancane e-United States bangase nje khona ngesiNgisi, ngisho nalapho behlangana notability criteria yezinye ngolimi Wikipedia imiklamo.

Ukulinganisa eminikelo amasheya ezivela ezifundazweni ezahlukene kuleli zwe ukuze ezahlukene Wikipedia editions

Izihloko elihunyushwe bamele nje ingxenye encane athikili yaba izinhlelo iningi, ngokwengxenye ngenxa yokuthi translation ngokuzenzakalela lwezihloko is Ayivumeliwe. Izihloko atholakalayo ngolimi ezingaphezu kwesisodwa angase anikele "links interwiki", okuyinto link izihloko uzakwabo kwamanye editions.

Isihloko esanyatheliswa ngo yocwaningo PLoS ONE ngo-2012, besebenzisa amaphethini lomzimba imisebenzi isihloko omphakathi, kulinganiselwa isabelo iminikelo kuya kwizihumusho ezahlukene Wikipedia kusukela ezifundeni ezahlukene zomhlaba. Ngokwesibonelo, siye libike ukuthi ukulungiswa kusukela North America anqunyelwe pheze 50% in the English Wikipedia futhi lokhu value Sehlile amaphesenti amabili nanhlanu alula English Wikipedia. Lesi sihloko sibuye ihlanganisa ezinye asakazwa ngezilimi ezahlukene. The Wikimedia Foundation uthemba ukwandisa inani abahleli in the Global South kuya amaphesenti amathathu nesikhombisa by 2015.

On 1 March 2014, The Economist esihlokweni esihloko sithi "Ikusasa Wikipedia" labala kuhlaziywa kwezimo ngokuqondene idatha enyatheliswa Wikimedia ngabachazela ukuthi: ". Inani wabahleli the lesiNgisi version uwile ngumuntu wesithathu eminyakeni eyisikhombisa". Izinga attrition for abahleli abakhuthele English Wikipedia kwaba ekhonjiwe by The Economist njengoba kakhulu Ngokungafani izibalo for Wikipedia kwezinye izilimi non-English Wikipedia. The Economist libike ukuthi isibalo nomthelela nge-avareji ka emihlanu lezinhlelo ngaphezulu ngenyanga kwaba kuqhathaniswa njalo kusukela 2008 for Wikipedia kwezinye izilimi cishe 42.000 abahleli phakathi variances emincane zonyaka ka abahleli phansi noma phezulu mayelana 2.000. Amazinga attrition for abahleli e English Wikipedia, by kuqhathanisa ebukhali, ishiwo njengoba NEKUKHULUMA ngo 2007 at cishe 50.000 abahleli okuyinto usunciphe 30.000 abahleli njengoba of ukuqala 2014 Ngesikhathi ecashunwe mkhuba rate, inani abahleli abakhuthele English Wikipedia ilahlekelwe cishe 20.000 abahleli attrition kusukela 2007, kanti emafayeleni mkhuba rate kubonisa ukulahlekelwa yomunye abahleli 20.000 by 2021, wehlele 10.000 abahleli asebenzayo on English Wikipedia by 2021 Uma kwesokunxele zingancishiswa. Njengoba sazi ukuthi ukuhlaziywa mkhuba leyashicilelwa The Economist presents inani abahleli asebenzayo for Wikipedia kwezinye izilimi non-English Wikipedia njengoba osele kuqhathaniswa njalo futhi siphumelele ekusekeleni izinombolo zayo cishe 42.000 abahleli abakhuthele, umehluko uye bakhomba ukuphumelela Wikipedia kwezinye izilimi ukugcina esebenzayo yayo abahleli on nesisekelo nalesebentisa nokuqhubekayo. Akukho ukuphawula senziwa ngokuqondene yikuphi nezindinganiso umahluko edit inqubomgomo kusuka Wikipedia kwezinye izilimi non-English Wikipedia wayeyonikeza ohlukile kwenzeke ukuba English Wikipedia for ngempumelelo ameliorating eningi umhleli attrition rates on ulimi lwesiNgisi Wikipedia.



                                     

11.1. Umlando Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger

Wikipedia odabuka zavela kwenye encyclopedia project, Nupedia.

Wikipedia waqala njengendlela project ayahambelana for Nupedia, a free online lesiNgisi encyclopedia project ogama zihloko ezalotshwa ngu ochwepheshe babuyekeza ngaphansi inqubo esemthethweni. Nupedia yasungulwa ngoMashi 9, 2000, ngaphansi ubunikazi Bomis, yenkampani a web portal. Izibalo zako ezisemqoka babengamadodana CEO Bomis Jimmy Wales no Larry Sanger, umhleli-in-chief for Nupedia futhi kamuva Wikipedia. Nupedia kwaba ilayisense okokuqala ngaphansi Nupedia Open License yaso Content, ziguquka kuya GNU Free Documentation License ngaphambi kokusungulwa Wikipedia sika at ukunxusa Richard Stallman. Sanger naseWales wasungula Wikipedia. Ngenkathi Wales is udumo ngokuchaza umgomo wokwenza encyclopedia obala kuhleleke, Sanger is udumo isu lokusebenzisa Wiki ukufinyelela lowo mgomo. Ngo-January 10, 2001, Sanger ohlongozwayo on the Nupedia sekheli ohlwini ukudala Wiki njengoba project a "feeder" for Nupedia.

Wikipedia lase ngokomthetho umkhankaso on January 15, 2001, njengelungu edition-ngolimi lwesiNgisi single at www.wikipedia.com, futhi umemezele by Sanger on the Nupedia Uhlu lwamaposi ekhompyutha. inqubomgomo Wikipedia of phuzu-ka-umbono hlangothi "kwase eyabekwa ezinyangeni zayo zokuqala. Ngale kwalokho, kwakukhona imithetho emibalwa ekuqaleni Wikipedia lasebenza ngokuzimela of Nupedia. Ekuqaleni, Bomis wayehlose ukwenza Wikipedia ibhizinisi inzuzo.

Wikipedia yazuza qhaza zakuqala kusuka Nupedia, Slashdot ezithunyelwe, futhi search engine web indexing. Ngo-August 8, 2001, kwadingeka Wikipedia kuka 8.000 izihloko. On September 25, 2001, kwadingeka Wikipedia kuka 13.000 izihloko. Futhi ngasekupheleni 2001 sase esekhule izihloko cishe 20.000 no 18 olimi editions. Kwase 26 olimi asakazwa by sekwephuzile 2002, 46 ekupheleni 2003, futhi 161 ngu izinsuku okugcina 2004 Nupedia and Wikipedia Bahlala kwaze amaseva yangaphambili sika zathathwa phasi unomphela ngo-2003, futhi okulotshwe kuwo ezahlanganiswa Wikipedia. English Wikipedia wadlula uphawu lwezihloko million ezimbili on September 9, 2007, okusenza le encyclopedia kunazo zonke ezake babuthana, odlulele ngisho 1407 Yongle Encyclopedia, ezazikade aphethwe irekhodi iminyaka 600.

Kokubala ukwesaba of ukukhangisa kwezohwebo kanye nokuntuleka okulawula Wikipedia, abasebenzisi of the Wikipedia Spanish olunjengemfoloko nokunye kusuka Wikipedia ukudala Enciclopedia Khulula ngo February 2002 La liya wakhuthaza Wales ukumemezela ukuthi Wikipedia ngeke sibonise intengiso, futhi ukushintsha domain Wikipedia sika kusukela wikipedia.com ukuze wikipedia.org.

Nakuba English Wikipedia wafinyelela izihloko million ezintathu August 2009, ukwanda kwe-edition, ngokoMthetho izinombolo lwezihloko nesesiphelo nomthelela, kubonakala sengathi kwafinyelela umvuthwandaba nxazonke zakuqala 2007. Around nawo-1800 kuya zihloko kwanezelwa nsuku zonke kuze encyclopedia in 2006, by 2013 ukuthi isilinganiso kwaba cishe 800. Iqembu at the Palo Alto Research Center isixhazululo le unciphisa sokukhula kuya okwandayo wedwa le project kanye ukumelana ukushintsha. Abanye basikisela ukuthi ukukhula is flattening ngokwemvelo ngenxa izihloko ukuthi kungaba ngokuthi "low-choma izithelo" - izihloko ezisenza ngokucacile isihloko -. kakade zidalwe azakhela kabanzi

Ngo-November 2009, umcwaningi at the Rey Juan Carlos University e Madrid Spain lwathola ukuthi English Wikipedia wayengasenaso 49.000 abahleli phakathi nezinyanga ezintathu zokuqala of 2009, uma kuqhathaniswa, leli project walahlekelwa abahleli 4.900 nje kuphela phakathi nenkathi efanayo ngo-2008. The Wall Street Journal ekhonjiwe uhla imithetho zisetshenziswa kulungisa kanye nezimpikiswano ezihlobene kokuqukethwe okunjalo phakathi izizathu lokhu kuthambekela. Wales baphikisana la izimangalo ngo-2009, bephika ukuwa, singabaze indlela lesifundo. kweminyaka emibili kamuva, Wales wavuma ukuba khona nokwehla okuncane, siphawula ukwehla kusukela "kancane kuka 36.000 abalobi" ngoJuni 2010 kuya 35.800 in June 2011."

                                     
  • to try your formatting and editing skills at the Sandbox. Amanye ama - Wikipedia amancane ngeziLimi zaseAfrika IsiBhunu  Akan  አማርኛ  Bamanankan  Chi - Chewa 
  • ungasetshenziswa kuzo zonke amaprojekthi Wikimedia kuzo zonke izilimi, kuhlanganise Wikipedia Wikibooks, Wikivoyage, Wikispecies, Wikisource no Wikinews noma ilandelwe
  • F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U W X Y Z IsiOsithani edition of Wikipedia the free encyclopedia. IsiOsithani edition of Wiktionary, the free dictionary thesaurus
  • Phonetic Alphabet IPA represents Spanish language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. See Spanish phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds
  • International Phonetic Alphabet IPA represents French pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. English approximations are in some cases very rough, and only
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
                                     
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
                                     
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
  • This Gauteng location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e
                                               

WP:IPA for Spanish

Template:IPAkeys The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet represents Spanish language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. See Spanish phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Spanish.

Venus and Amor
                                               

Venus and Amor

Batschmann, Oskar & Griener, Pascal. Hans Holbein. Reaktion Books, 1999. ISBN 1-8618-9040-0. Toman, Rolf ed. Renaissance: Art and Architecture in Europe during the 15th and 16th Centuries. Bath: Parragon, 2009. ISBN 1-4075-5238-5.

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Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation

Pedia SouthSouthNorth.

The role of the Afrikaans pedia in the growth of Afrikaans. Tydskr. geesteswet​. 2016, vol.56, n.2 1, pp.371 390. ISSN 2224. ❤️️ site de rencontres 47 movie pedia indonesia. Despite pedia being the largest and most popular general reference work on the internet and the fifth most popular site in overall global. Die rol van die Afrikaanse pedia in die uitbou van Afrikaans. Wargasm band pedia. Uncategorized. I thought perhaps I could breathe new life and new meaning into an old play on words. WARGASM is a collision of two. The political economy of wilkiality: a South African inquiry into. Celebrating Africa on pedia. Menu. ABOUT HOW TO ENTER expand child menu. TIPS FAQs LINKS ON COMMONS expand child menu. 2021 Health.





Pedia Archives.za Rabie Property Group.

Closing knowledge gaps a focus for pedia YouTube. Mar 14, 2018. YouTube adds dose of reality to conspiracy videos Mike Novogratz. Feb 9, 2018​. Pedia will soon offer a paid service to Big Tech Stuff. Shabangu said while millions access pedia monthly for research purposes, the need for editors is too great to ignore. We dont have enough. Jared smith pedia. Using pedias entries on Cape Town and various places in the Free State province as case studies, this dissertation demonstrates through critical discourse. Winnie Madikizela Mandela Airport becomes reality on pedia. Kamagra online paypal, kamagra 24 hour delivery, kamagra original kaufen, kamagra ervaringen 2019. Cape Town airports name changed in pedia to Winnie. Por qué subir información a pedia es activismo? ¿Tiene valor la información que hay en plataformas de dominio público como pedia? ¡Ven a la.


¿Por qué subir información a pedia Universidad de Antioquia.

Page 1. References: ​ Gorilla Glass. Brothers of the wind pedia. When a work, such as a video, is uploaded onto YouTube or a photograph uploaded onto Flickr, people often believe that because it is being made available on. Pedia at 20 is more relevant than ever in a social. Pedias differential gain is that any user can broaden or expand the facts in a given subject, relying on the to be had understanding or. More local content needed for pedia 702. Sibanye Stillwater is the worlds largest primary producer of platinum, second largest primary producer of palladium and third largest producer of gold. Lena bauer sucht frau pedia ❤️️. Polands smallest university town is setting up a monument for pedia, the worlds most extensive online encyclopedia.





2013 Archive pedia: The Empire writes back Rhodes University.

Цитата сообщения nikita27 Прочитать целикомВ свой цитатник или сообщество! Frans Hals Франс Халс 1582 1666 и дети. А у вас. Pedia Microsoft AppSource. 0 Results. Lena bauer sucht frau pedia ❤️ ️ ❤️ BEST DATING SITE️ ❤️ ️ Lena bauer sucht frau pedia ❤️. Sibanye Stillwater: Home. Brothers of the wind pedia. October 27, 2020 Uncategorized. Both of them bond about their desires to be free. The word for air vāyu or wind pavana is one. Pedia: The Game About Everything Review A Trivia Game With. Pedia is managed by a professional staff but the public is invited to add and edit information. The name refers to a, which is a collaborative website. I have. Matete clinches top honours at pedias Edit a Thon. From 24th November to 1st December 2020, over 100 people gathered online for 4Climate, a week of pedia editing on climate change.


Pedia Archives Insights into The Law in South Africa Welcome.

THE INFONOMIST: The activism within the pedia community has been crucial in managing content on the platform … writes Wesley. CHRIS ROPER: pedias moment of truth BusinessLIVE. Note too that it is easy to track contributions anyone makes on pedia. So make sure you really use at least one hour per day to do something on the media. Loves Africa: Focus is on Health Wellness across Africa in. 14 Jan 2021. An user opening pedia in LAquila, Italy, on January 14, 2021. pedia free encyclopedia turns 20 years on January 15. How to Create a pedia Page Welcome Department of Transport. The airports pedia page was edited to include soon to be Winnie Madikizela​ Mandela International Airport. Social media users concurred.


Pedia 2: Have you heard how the pedia Zero project is.

Pedia NGO Services NGO Opportunities NGO Events Premium listings Vacancies. Pedia news archive ITWeb. If you are looking for a trivia game that combines the familiar and isnt too difficult then give pedia the board game a try. SAs Bobby Shabangu celebrated among global pedia. US team films Sinenjongo campaign for free cellphone access to pedia. ​vc row type row use row as full screen section no type grid. ❤️️ Bauer sucht frau international pedia ❤️️ www. As online encyclopaedia pedia celebrates its 20th birthday, its worth reflecting on some of the challenges in the free knowledge space.





UK watchdog blacklists pedia Moneyweb.

Babulal varma pedia. Uncategorized. This is a list of members of the 2nd Lok Sabha arranged by state or territory represented. The registered office of Omkar. Combine Data from Google Analytics and pedia in Google Data. Less than 20% of pedia contributors are female. Only 12% of biographies in sub Saharan Africa are about women. Want to know more about the gender gap​. Pedia Skills Portal. Search Results for ❤️ ️ Flirt pedia pl ❤️ ️ ❤️ ️ BEST DATING SITE ❤️ ️ Flirt pedia pl ❤️ ️ ❤️.


8 reasons to use pedia in teaching and learning UCT Libraries.

Pedia, the open source amassment of knowledge and saviour of the last minute assignment, has long been free for everyone, but that. Wargasm band pedia The Wine Glass. Results for: Laura Gehlhaar pedia ❤️️ ❤️️ BEST DATING SITE ❤️️ Laura Gehlhaar pedia ❤️️ ❤️️ Laura.





An investigation of pedia translation as an additive pedagogy for.

Pedia wants to fill a knowledge hole. Now 20 years old, the online encyclopedia wants to expand in emerging nations and focus on diverse. Pedia, Work and Capitalism Buy Online in South Africa. The Ukrainian pedia was visited by 21% more in 2020 than in 2019. In total, 855.1 million pages were visited last year against 707.5. Pedia celebrates 20th birthday Memeburn. This year, Africas pedia community wishes to focus on the Health Wellness of people. The 2021 theme has been chosen to present a.


Pedia down? Current status and problems Downdetector.

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Loves Africa – Celebrating Africa on pedia.

Deputy Minister of Higher Education, Buti Manamela said the Department is working closely with NSFAS to ensure the rest of the academic year runs smoothly. Laura Gehlhaar pedia ❤️️. Pedia at 20 is more relevant than ever in a social media era. By Sasha Planting 19 January 2021. Illustrative image Sources: pedia Rawpixel. Pedia OER Africa. Search Results for: speed dating pedia ❤️ ️ ❤️ ️ BEST DATING SITE ❤️ ️ speed dating pedia ❤️ ️ speed. CHECK THIS: The rise of pedia … driven by a crucial difference. The pedia app automatically searches pedia topics based on your selection in an Office document and displays results in a task pane. The content in the.


Pedia NGO Pulse.

Pedia translation offers a stimulating learning platform for learners to learn Oshikwanyama and English at the same time and this improved their performance. 4Climate: pedia as a tool for improving SouthSouthNorth. Almost immediately, the entry on pedia was altered. The new entry read:​Winnie Madikizela Mandela International Airport formerly known as. African geeks, where are you? pedia wants to fill a. Russell Morgan Davis is a former American football defensive tackle. He has also played for the Seattle Seahawks, with whom he won Super Bowl XLVIII and. Celebrated SA pedia contributor Bobby Shabangu says there is. Today we note how this project is spreading through Africa and we point out how teachers can get involved in the pedia Education Program. Currently in South. Babulal varma pedia Burrata. 2020. How to contribute climate change information to pedia: A guide for researchers, practitioners and communicators. Cape town: Climate and.


0.01% Hypochlorous Acid as an Alternative Skin Antiseptic: An In.

Description. Contains a crazy amount of hops brewed in a NEIPA style, high on hop aroma and flavor but low on bitterness. Midtbust Norwegian yeast. IPA & Discovery Health are now Partners About Discovery Limited. In addition, IPA collects market values of the retirement funds investment portfolios, calculates a unit price and sends this to member administration, which then. Investment product administration Sanlam Employee Benefits. Epidermidis: Hypochlorous acid. IPA, and PI had immediate bactericidal effects, whereas CHG required 1 minute. Methicillin susceptible. Staphylococcus aureus:​.





Sars.

AN EVALUATION OF SMALL SCALE FORESTRY IN THE. K2014016837 AFRICAN SPEAR INVESTMENTS AND PROJECTS. K2014016838 SOLOMONS K2014159140 UMDWEBO INVESTMENTS.


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