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★ Nelson Mandela



                                               

IsiChuse sikaNelson Mandela, eHholo lasedolobheni leKapa

isiChuse sikaNelson Mandela savezwa ngomhla wa-24 kuNtulikazi ngowezi-2018. Wabekwa kuvulanda oluphezulu waseKapa City Hall sibhekane neGrand Parade, eKapa, eNingizimu Afrika. uNelson Mandela wayengumongameli wokuqala waseNingizimu Afrika ekhululekile futhi wathola iNobel umklomelo woxolo ngowezi-1993

                                               

2013

Nelson Mandela
                                     

★ Nelson Mandela

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela kwaba zaseNingizimu Afrika sobandlululo wamavukelambuso, umholi wezombangazwe, futhi UMuphi owakhonza njengesithunywa uMongameli waseNingizimu Afrika kusukela ngo-1994 kuya 1999. Wayengumuntu ikhanda lokuqala wezwe black zekhethelo ngowokuqala akhethwe ngendlela omele ngokugcwele ukhetho yeningi. Uhulumeni wakhe wagxila ekunciphiseni ifa lobandlululo ngokulwa nobandlululo oluyisikhungo futhi wagqugquzela ukulugiswa kwengxabanongokobuhlanga. Ideologically isizwe sase-Afrika kanye sezenhlalo, wakhonza njengephayona uMongameli we -African National Congress party kusukela ngo-1991 kuya ku-1997.

Abantu abangama-Xhosa, uMandela wazalelwa emndenini wasebukhosini abaThembu eMvezo, eBritish South Africa. Ufunde umthetho e- University of Fort Hare nase- University of Witwatersrand ngaphambi kokusebenza njengommeli eGoli. Lapho, wazibandakanya kwipolitiki elwa nobumboni kanye nobuzwe base-Afrika, wajoyina i-ANC ngonyaka we-1943 futhi wabumba iNhlangano Yentsha yayo ngo-1944. Ngemuva kokuthi uhulumeni we- National Party omhlophe kuphela asungule ubandlululo, okuwuhlelo lokubandlululwa ngokobuhlanga oluhlomulisa abelungu, yena ne-ANC bazibophezela ekubhukuleni. UMandela waqokwa njengoMongameli wegatsha le- Transvaal le-ANC, wenyuka waba yimbangi ngokubandakanyeka kwakhe eMkhankasweni Wokuhlubuka ngo-1952 kanye neCongress of People yango -1955. Waphinde waboshwa ngenxa yemisebenzi yokuvukela umbuso futhi wamangalelwa ngecala lokuzama ukuqulwa kwecala lika- 1956. Ethonywe uMarxism, wajoyina ngasese iqembu laseNingizimu Afrika lamaKhomanisi i-SACP elivinjelwe. Nakuba ekuqaleni uzibophezele ezingenalo udlame, sikanye iSACP co-wasungula nenkani weSizwe ngo-1961 futhi lokho kwaholela ukuketula umkhankaso ulwa nohulumeni. Waboshwa wagqunywa ejele ngo-1962, kwathi ngemuva kwalokho wagwetshwa udilikajele ngokuqothula umbuso ngokulandela Icala laseRivonia.

UMandela wadonsa iminyaka engama-27 ejele, wahlukanisa phakathi kweRobben Island, nePollmoor Prison neVictor Verster Prison. Phezu kokucindezela okukhulayo kwasekhaya nakwamanye amazwe, futhi ngokwesaba impi yombango yobuhlanga, uMongameli uFW de Klerk wamkhulula ngonyaka we-1990. UMandela no de Klerk bahola imizamo yokuxoxisana ngokuphela kobandlululo, okwaholela okhethweni jikelele lwezinhlanga ezi-1994 lapho uMandela ahola khona i-ANC yanqoba futhi yaba ngumongameli. Ehola uhulumeni wobumbano obanzi owamisa umthethosisekelo omusha, uMandela wagcizelela ukubuyisana phakathi kwezinhlanga zezwe futhi wasungula neKhomishini Yamaqiniso Nokubuyisana ukuze iphenye ukuhlukunyezwa kwamalungelo abantu okwedlule. Ngokwezezomnotho, ukuphathwa kukaMandela kugcina uhlaka lwenkululeko lwalowo owabe eyandulela leyo yize ayenezinkolelo zakhe zokuhlalisana nabanye, futhi wethula nezindlela zokukhuthaza ukubuyiswa komhlaba, ukulwa nobuphofu kanye nokwandisa izinsizakalo zezempilo. Emhlabeni jikelele, wasebenza njengomlamuli ecaleni lokuqhuma kwamabhomu iPan Am Flight 103 futhi wasebenza njengoNobhala-Jikele weNhlangano Engahlanganyeli kusukela ngo-1998 kuya ku-1999. Unqabile ihlandla lesibili likamongameli, kwathi ngo-1999 kwathathelwa isikhundla yiphini lakhe, uMnuz Thabo Mbeki. UMandela waba yisikhulu esidala futhi wagxila ekulweni nobuphofu kanye negciwane lesandulela ngculaza kanye nengculazi ngeNelson Mandela Foundation.

                                     
  • Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality umasipala omkhulu waseMpumalanga Kapa, eNingizimu Afrika.
  • South Africa Nelson Mandela Statue Agentia Nationale De Presa Agerpress Actualizeaza lumea. Kulandwe ngomhlaka 24 July 2018. Nelson Mandela Biography
  • wazama ukuqamba samabanoyi saseKapa, yi - Winnie Mandela International Airport. Smith, David. 2013 - Dec 6 Nelson and Winnie Mandela s marriage ended, but the
  • ngu - 100. 29 ngoLwezi Colin Eglin, osombusazwe, umholi wokuphikisa ephalamende laseNingizimu Afrika owazalwa 1925 5 ngoZibendlela Nelson Mandela
  • nezinye. IMpumalanga Kapa iyikhaya futhi nendabuko yabantu abanjengo Nelson Mandela Chris Hani, Steve Biko, Oliver Tambo kanye no Thabo Mbeki. Lesifundazwe
  • iyidolobha kwaXhosa eRiphabliki yaseNingizimu Afrika. Iyindawo yokuzalwa kwa - Nelson Mandela Umongameli 1994 - 1998. Le - athikhili iyisigcino isiNgisi: a stub
  • ama - 100, 000 ezinsuku ama - 19. Loliwe 2011 The Beginning Live 2012 Nelson Mandela 2013 Phendula 2013 Country Girl 2015 2011 Song of The Year
  • Omphakathi wama - 36 wangonyaka wama - 1994 Mhla zingama - 27 uMbasa 1994 uDkt Nelson Mandela wavota okokuqala okhethweni lazo zonke izinhlanga endweni yokuvota Isingisi: Polling
  • Bona elinye ikhasi: Nelson Mandela UNelson Rolihlahla Mandela mænˈdɛlə wazalwa ngomhla ka 18 Julayi 1918 washona ngomhla ka 5 Disemba 2013 wayengumlweli
                                     
  • webhola Alexandra United. Lezi zizakhamuzi eziphawulekayo zase - Alexandra: Nelson Mandela Kgalema Motlanthe Zanele Mbeki umfazi kwa - Thabo Mbeki Mark Mathabane
  • kwaze kwaboshwa osopolitiki ngaleso sikhathi sengcindezelo abafana no Nelson Mandela Walter Sisulu, Govan Mbeki, Raymond Mhlaba, Robert Sobukwe, Andrew
  • 1898 1967 1967 1991 Oliver Reginald Tambo 1917 1993 1991 1997 Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela 1918 - 2013 1997 2007 Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki 1942 - 2007 2017 Jacob
  • waseNingizimu Afrika wahlonishwa nge LL.D. Honoris Causa ngo 1995 Nelson Mandela obengumongameli waseNingizimu Afrika wathola i LL.B. Cum Laude ngo
  • Online. Kulandwe ngomhlaka 15 September 2014. Speech by President Nelson Mandela on South Africa Youth Day Ladysmith, 16 June 1995 South African History
  • Africa Ermelo Soweto uprising Robben Island African National Congress Nelson Mandela United Democratic Front South African National Parks Thabo Mbeki Ubani
  • njengomphathi wayo wokuhola imali. Ngo - 1990 wacelwa ukuthi ahambe no - Nelson Mandela e - US futhi wabhalwa eqenjini elalilungiselela ukuvakasha. Kamuva ngalowo
  • OBITUARY: Joe Slovo The Independent. 7 January 1995. Slovo, Joe, and Nelson Mandela Contributor Slovo: The Unfinished Autobiography of ANC Leader Joe
  • 24 September 2008 Deputy Jacob Zuma Phumzile Mlambo - Ngcuka Emva kwa Nelson Mandela uLandelwa Kgalema Motlanthe Isekela Mongameli waseNingizimu Afrika Isikhathi:
  • Ibhayi Port Elizabeth Aerial view of Port Elizabeth, Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium Isidlaliso: The Friendly City or The Windy City Ibhayi Izixhumanisi: 33 57 29 S
                                     
  • nangesiJalimane nesiShayina. Imiklomelo kaCameron ibandakanya umklomelo we - Nelson Mandela Award for Health and Human Rights 2000 Umklomelo we - Stellenbosh University
  • 767 25.4 Country South Africa Province Mpumalanga Kapa Municipality Nelson Mandela Bay Established 1804 Ubukhulu Jikelele 75.35 km2 29.09 sq mi Inani
  • Country South Africa Province Mpumalanga Kapa District Municipality Nelson Mandela Bay Ubukhulu Jikelele 19.65 km2 7.59 sq mi Inani labantu 2011
  • David Mabuza Unobhala jikelele we - ANC Isikhathi: 1991 1997 President Nelson Mandela Emva kwa Alfred Baphethuxolo Nzo uLandelwa Kgalema Motlanthe Ukwazisa
  • Ngonyaka wezi - 1998 wabekwa njengomongameli wesikhashana lapho uNelson Mandela wabe eseWashington. UShenge waqhubeka ukuba umholi wamakhosi akwaZulu aphinde
  • School, Port Elizabeth before she proceeded to further her education at Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University where she studied Music Education. Waqala ukucula
  • Ungqongqoshe Wezokuxhumana Nezingcingo v Rasool 1934 AD 167. Mkontwana v Nelson Mandela Metropolitan Municipality and Another IBissett nabanye v Buffalo City

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Translation

2013 Annual reports Sibanye Stillwater.

1. THE SOUTH AFRICAN ANTIRETROVIRAL. TREATMENT GUIDELINES. 2013. Date of Implementation 1 April 2013. 24 March 2013. Gallery 23325 University of Pretoria. Home page for the INTERACT 2013 Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, 2 6 September 2013.





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